In a healthy individual, nerve impulses are transmitted through the body very slowly, as no pain or discomfort is present. Stress, injury, trauma, and postural distortions cause the nerve transmissions to increase, inhibiting equilibrium, leaving the body vulnerable to pain and dysfunction.
Neuromuscular Therapy works to stabilize low levels of neurological activity to maintain normal function and overall health.
Five Elements that Cause Pain
A primary focus of NMT is to understand the formation, etiology and treatment of myofascial trigger points (TrPs). In NMT a special effort is made to locate the source of referred pain including any perpetuating influences and eliminating them while paying attention to correct negative postural and biomechanical patterns.
Neuromuscular Therapy will be used to address five elements that cause pain:
1. Ischemia: lack of blood supply to soft tissues which causes hypersensitivity to touch.
2. Trigger Points (TrP’s): highly irritated points in muscles which refer pain or sensation into other areas. These occur when nerves fire impulses at a rapid speed into an area of the body other than that which has been traumatized. Because of this the cause of severe pain may be quite removed from the actual site of pain.
3. Nerve Compression or Entrapment: Nerve compression is pressure on a nerve by cartilage or bone. Nerve entrapment is pressure on a nerve by soft tissue, usually muscle. Realigning vertebrae without treating associated soft tissues frequently treats the symptom and not the cause. Treating the surrounding soft tissues (i.e. muscle, fascia) that cause or maintain the dislocation or imbalance is imperative, and can have long lasting effects.
4. Postural Distortion: imbalance of the muscular system resulting from the movement of the body off its axis. The body will compensate in an effort to retain balance. Trauma, gravitational pressure or psychological patterning causes the soft tissue to become thicker, denser and harder. Muscle contraction, body distortion, and pain are the result. By determining why the compensation has occurred, the distorted patterns can be eliminated, proper posture restored, and associated pain diminished or eliminated in most cases.
5. Biomechanical Dysfunction: imbalance of the musculoskeletal system resulting in faulty movement patterns (i.e., poor lifting habits, bad mechanics in a golf swing or tennis stroke, computer keyboarding). Repetitive strain of certain soft tissues results in adapted movement patterns that become muscular “habits” and must be reeducated.